Cytotec 200 mcg (Misoprostol)


Cytotec 200 mcg, also known as Misoprostol is an oral medication used to prevent NSAID (Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs) -associated gastric ulcers and cause an early abortion in women in their first-trimester pregnancy. It is used in combination with Mifepristone (also known as RU-486) for the termination of pregnancy in women who are no more than nine weeks pregnant. It increases the contractions (by opening the cervix) caused by Mifepristone to empty the uterus and avoid surgical intervention. For the treatment of gastric ulcers, it works by lowering the amount of acid to protect the lining of the stomach. For the termination of pregnancy, four tablets are given to you by the doctor which are needed to be taken either orally or vaginally. The abortion process gets completed within 3-4 days. It can take anywhere around 3 months to reduce the risk of gastric ulcers provided that the doctor’s prescription is followed.

Active Ingredient Misoprostol
Type  Abortion

How Cytotec 200 mcg (Misoprostol) Works

Cytotec 200 mcg or Misoprostol is a synthetic prostaglandin that reduces the risk of stomach ulcers in patients getting treated with NSAIDs. It works by lowering the amount of acid produced in the stomach, thereby protecting the lining of the stomach. Prostaglandins are basically chemicals that are made within the organs of the body. This medicine causes an abortion when taken with Mifepristone by increasing the number of contractions and expelling out the pregnancy tissues.

Consult your doctor for an appropriate dosage of the drug as per your condition.

Uses of Misoprostol

Cytotec 200 mcg is prescribed for the treatment of the following conditions:

  1. Duodenal ulcer – a type of ulcer that occurs in the lining in the part of the small intestine.
  2. Gastric ulcer – a type of ulcer that occurs in the lining of the stomach.
  3. NSAIDs-induced ulcer – a type of gastric ulcer caused due to medications for pain such as diclofenac, aspirin, etc.
  4. Postpartum bleeding – excessive bleeding that occurs after childbirth.
  5. Cervical ripening – the softening of the cervix that begins prior to the onset of the labor contractions.
  6. Induction of labor – stimulating the uterus to start labor.
  7. Termination of pregnancy – used in combination with Mifepristone to cause a first trimester (no more than 9 weeks) abortion.


Dosage of cytotec 200mcg

Four tablets of Cytotec 200 mcg are recommended to be taken for the termination of early pregnancy in women. These pills can be taken either orally or vaginally. For oral administration, the four pills are placed in the cheek pouch or gums for 20-25 minutes. The remaining fragments are then swallowed with water.

For vaginal administration, the pills are meant to be placed in the vagina. You should lie down and place the tablets at the farthest spot in the vagina.

For the treatment of gastric ulcers, four pills are recommended to be taken daily.

Follow your doctor’s prescription carefully and read all the instructions mentioned on the pack of the drug.

Missed Dosage: If you are taking this medicine for the termination of pregnancy, you are unlikely to miss a dose. For the treatment of gastric ulcers, the missed dose should be taken as soon as possible. If it’s time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose. Do not take an overdose to make up for the missed dose.

Overdose: An overdose of the drug can lead to various side-effects. If an overdose is suspected, seek medical help immediately.

Important Advisory

Before you take Cytotec 200 mcg, tell your doctor:

  1. If you are allergic to Misoprostol or any other medications.
  2. If you are getting oxytocin.
  3. If you have Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
  4. If you have heart diseases.
  5. If you have intestinal disorders.
  6. If you have diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, angina, etc.
  7. If you have a history of stroke, heart attack, or congestive heart failure.

Side Effects of Cytotec

Common side-effects of Cytotec 200 mcg include:

  1. Headaches
  2. Vomiting
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Nausea
  5. Menstrual cramps
  6. Abdominal pain
  7. Spotting
  8. Constipation
  9. Fatigue
  10. Fever
  11. Chills
  12. Pelvic pain
  13. Shortness of breath
  14. Swelling of face, lips, hands, and feet
  15. Vaginal bleeding
  16. Upper respiratory tract infection
  17. Chest pain
  18. Abnormal heartbeat
  19. Nosebleed
  20. Acid reflux

If you experience any of the above-mentioned side-effects for long, contact your doctor immediately.

Interaction of Cytotec(Misoprostol) with other drugs

Certain drugs are known to interact with Cytotec 200 mcg and affect the way it works. If you take any drugs for treating your existing illnesses or for any other purposes, let your doctor know about them.

  1. Dinoprostone
  2. Antacids containing magnesium
  3. Croelemer
  4. Eluxadoline
  5. Aspirin
  6. Arthritis medications

Interaction with alcohol

Alcohol can increase the chances of experiencing side-effects. Consumption of alcohol should be avoided at all costs.

Storage Instructions of cytotec 200mcg

Cytotec 200 mcg tablets should be stored properly and safely in their original packaging.

  1. Keep the pills away from direct heat, moisture, and sunlight.
  2. Keep the pills out of reach of children.
  3. Once the pack is opened, store the remaining pills in an airtight container.
  4. Do not consume the medicine past its expiration date.

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